Cities & Towns:
Rush Valley

Tooele County is in northwestern Utah, running west from the Oquirrh Mountains to the Nevada state line, with the Great Salt Lake on the northeastern side. Tooele County is home to the Bonneville Salt Flats, Dugway Proving Grounds, Deseret Test Center, Cedar Mountain Wilderness, North Stansbury Mountains WSA, Deseret Peak Wilderness, the northern half of the Deep Creek Mountains WSA, the Silver Island Mountains Back Country Byway and a long stretch of the Pony Express Trail Back Country Byway. The famous Skull Valley Indian Reservation is also here.

Tooele County contains 6,930 square miles of land and 357 square miles of water. The county seat and largest city is Tooele.

Led by Ezra T. Benson, the first group of Mormon settlers arrived in what is now Tooele County in 1849. The county had been the homeland of the Goshute tribe for many years before and they didn't take kindly to the white man's encroachment. It didn't help matters any when 22 overland stagecoach outposts were built on tribal lands, many on the sites of the few natural springs to be found in this mostly dry and barren land. Between 1860 and 1862, the Goshutes killed dozens of people on their lands, then General Patrick Connor arrived in Utah with the California Volunteers.

Connor and his men indiscriminately killed hundreds of Indians in 1862 and 1863 before signing a peace treaty with the tribes to end the fighting and allow the stage routes to remain in operation. Connor encouraged his men to prospect for minerals everywhere and by 1864 they had discovered several strikes of gold, silver, lead and zinc in what is now Tooele County. A treaty signed with the Goshutes in 1865 took all their land and made it legal for the miners to do their thing. By the early 1870's, Lewiston and Ophir had been founded, more than 100 new mining claims had been staked and both towns had ballooned to more than 6,000 people each, mosly non-Mormons. That led to the fiercely contested election in 1874 where several non-Mormons were elected to political positions in the county and State Legislature. The Legislature refused to seat the representative from Tooele County and in 1876, the Legislature passed bills requiring much stricter voter registration and giving women the right to vote. By 1879, the non-Mormons were out of power and leaving the area.

Some of the mines operated well into the 20th century but during World War II, Wendover Air Force Base and the Tooele Army Depot were built. That military payroll affected Tooele County finances and operations for many years. Today, Wendover AFB is closed and the chemical and biological weapons that were stored at Toole Army Depot are slowly being incinerated. At the same time, rumor has it that many of the clandestine operations that were formerly headquarted at Area 51 in Nevada have been moved to the Dugway Proving Grounds.