Elko County, Nevada

Wild Horse Reservoir, Nevada
Wild Horse Reservoir in northern Elko County, Nevada
Cities & Towns:
West Wendover

Elko County is in northeastern Nevada with Idaho to the north and Utah to the east. This is right on the western edge of the Great Salt Desert. Elko County contains 17,178 square miles of land and 24 square miles of water, making it the 4th largest county in the United States. One explanation of the county name credits Charles Crocker, railroad owner, who reportedly named the train depot after all the elk roaming the area, adding an "o" to form "Elko." Most of the county is within the Great Basin with a small section along the Idaho border that drains into the Snake River Basin. The county seat is Elko.

Fast Facts about Elko County, Nevada
Resident Racial Breakdown:
White Non-Hispanic: 72.4%
Hispanic: 19.7%
African-American: 0.6%
Native American: 6.3%
Other: 8.5%
Two or More Races: 2.8%
Types of Jobs:
Private Sector, wages or salary: 79%
Government Sector: 16%
Unincorporated, Self-Employed: 5%
Population Density: 3 People per Square Mile
2009 Cost of Living Index for Elko County: 84.3
2009 Estimates:
Population: 47,896
Males: 24,954
Females: 22,942
Median Resident Age: 31.2 Years
Estimated Median Household Income: $61,167
Estimated Median Home Value: $234,557
Major Industries:
Mining, Entertainment & Recreation, Lodging & Food Services, Construction, Educational Services, Government, Health Care, Retail Services, Agriculture logo
Photo of Wild Horse Reservoir courtesy of the Bureau of Land Management
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